Historical Background 








Date Grésivaudan History Dauphiné History General History
9th & 10th century The valley suffers a lot from Saracen and Hungarian invasions The region is part of the Lotharingian kingdom  
1029   Guigues de Vion, Lord of Albon inherits territories around Grenoble from the bishop of Vienne.  
1032   The region is part of the Holy Roman Empire.  
1049 Castle of Avalon is listed for the first time. It was probably a simple wooden castle on a motte.    
1066      Battle of Hastings: William, Duke of Normandy, conquers England
1070    Guigues the Second    
1079     Guigues the Third   
1099 First listing of the castle of La Buissière Guigues doesn't take part in the First Crusade End of the First Crusade with the conquest of Jerusalem
1133 Guigues the Fourth erects the keep of La Buissière Guigues the Fourth. He is the first Count of Albon to be called Dauphin  
1142 Guigues the Fourth dies in the castle of La Buissière after being wounded at the siege of a Savoyard castle. Guigues the Fifth  
1162   Beatrix of Albon inherits the title of Count as his father didn't have a son. She first marries the son of the Count of Toulouse. She then marries Hugues the Third, Duke of Burgundy. 
1170     King Henri Plantagenet the Second orders the murder of Thomas Becket in Cantorbery.
1186 Hugues of Avalon is made bishop of Lincoln in England    
1192 Guichard Salvaing, Lord of La Buissière take part in the Third Crusade Hughes of Burgundy leads the French army at the Third Crusades after the departure of King Philip the Second. He dies in the Holy Land. Richard the Lionheart and Philip the Second besiege Acre.
1202   André, son of Beatrix and Hugues of Burgundy is the new Dauphin.  
1225 André Dauphin acquires the village of La Buissière and its surrounding territories from Guiffray Salvaing.    
1230 André Dauphin acquires the village and castle of Avalon and its surrounding territories from the Romestang noble family.    
1236 Aimeric de Briançon, Lord of Bellecombe, swears allegiance to the Dauphin Guigues the Seventh. He is known for the detailed study he ordered to know what kind of revenues he had. This account is our main source to know how people lived at this time.  
1270    Jean the First. He dies with no heir.  
1282    Humbert the First, Duke of La Tour du Pin inherits the title of Dauphin through his wife. Edward II orders the construction of three castles to rule the newly conquered Welsh territories in Conwy, Caernarfon and Harlech. The master mason James of Saint Georges originated from Savoy.
1289 Aimeric de Briançon, Lord of Bellecombe, swears allegiance to the Count of Savoie. To get him back, the Dauphin offers him to exchange his frontier castle with extended, richer territories south of Grenoble, which he accepts. As a revenge, the Count of Savoie set fire to the village of Bellecombe and kills many inhabitants. He then raids the valley up to the castle of La Terrasse which belonged to the Briançon family. Continuous war with Savoy until 1355.  
1306 La Buissière, Bellecombe and Avalon villages are fortified Jean II forces people living along the border of Savoy to fortify their villages to stabilize the population on the frontier and establish strongholds.  
1312 The count of Savoy builds a fort in Mont-Briton to control the castle of Avalon. The Dauphinois attack and destroy the fort which is quickly rebuilt with a second moat. A raiding party leaves Mont-Briton to attack the castle of Avalon which is captured and burnt down.    
1318   Guigues the Eighth.   
1325 Guigues confirms all tax exemptions to the villagers of La Buissière. Outstanding victory in Varey against the Count of Savoy by the 16-year old Dauphin.  
1333   Humbert II replaces his brother who was killed during a siege by a crossbow shaft while inspecting it on horse (same as Richard the Lionheart).  
1339 Detailed inspection of the castles of Avalon, La Buissière Bellecombe and La Terrasse. Humbert is going bankrupt and tries to sell his province to the Pope that lives in Avignon. He orders a series of inspection of all his castles to evaluate what they are worth in the transaction. Battle of Sluys. Edward III defeats the French navy in Flanders.
1346 Pierre de Cassard, Poncet and Pierre de Granges, all nobles from La Buissière take part in the battle of Crecy.   Battle of Crecy. English longbows defeat the French Chivalry.
1349  Half of the population in the various villages die from the Black Death. Dauphiné is eventually sold to the King of France. The title of Dauphin is transferred to his eldest son from this day on.  The Black Death spreads quickly throughout Europe.
1355 Most repair expenses to the various castles of the valley are stopped as war is over. The King of France makes peace with Savoy.  
1418 Rampant unrest leads the governor of Dauphiné to order reinforcements in the defenses of the castles of the valley, like in La Terrasse.    
1488 Extensive construction work is achieved in La Buissière to cope with the new siege powder artillery.    
(until 1559)
Villages see French troops rampaging the countryside; robbing, murdering people and raping women. Dauphiné becomes the point of gathering of the French Army prior to proceed to Italy through Alpine passes. French Kings lead several military campaigns in Italy.
(until 1589)
Most nobles turn to the Huguenot party to oppose the increasing power of the King. Religion belief has little to do with this Civil War.   Religious Wars in France between the Catholic Kings and Huguenots
1573 Castles of La Buissière and Bellecombe are turned down to rumbles by order of the King of France to prevent their usage against Royal troops by Huguenots.    
1597 The Duke of Savoy erects a Fort in Barraux using the latest techniques.    

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